[ The USGenWeb Project ] [ John Nelms Store Accounts ]

Transcribed From the Original Store Ledgers by John E. Jacob

[ The MDGenWeb Project ]
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DEFINITIONS

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This is a list of definitions that John E. Jacob included that will make the ancestor's purchases more understandable. - LDF

DEFINITIONS of Nelms Store account items

ALL BLADES
Awl Blades.
BEARSKIN CLOTH
A coarse, shaggy woolen cloth for overcoats.
BED BUNTING
Material for bed curtains.
BLUE VITRIOL
Copper sulfate
BOBEN
Rags
BRASS COCK
Brass faucet or spigot
BRIMSTONE
Sulfur
BRITISH OIL
A mixture of tupentine, linseed, amber and juniper oils, Barbedoes, tar, and sececa oil, used for application to cuts and bruises.
BUCKRAM
A coarse linen or cotton fabric sized with glue-or gum, and used for softening garments.
CALLIMANCO OR CALAMANCO
A woolen cloth made in Flanders, glossy on one surface, woven with a satin twill, and checked in the warp so the checks were seen on only one side.
CAMBRIC
A fine linen or cotton fabric.
CART BOXES
Wheel hub assemblies for carts.
COPPERAS
Iron sulfate used in dyeing.
COTTON CARDERS
Pairs of hand held, spiked boards used to straighten cotton fibers and take out cottonseeds.
DRUM LINE
Heavy fishing line for drumfish.
DUCK LINEN
A strong, plain woven fabric similar to but lighter than canvas.
DUFFLE CLOTH
A coarse, woolen cloth with a thick nap.
DURRANT
A woolen stuff called by some everlasting, a variety of tammy hot pressed and glazed.
EVERLASTING
A strong durable woolen cloth used for uppers of shoes or for covering buttons.
FERRITING
A narrow tape of ribbon used for binding and for shoe strings.
FILLETING TAPE
A narrow band of ribbon for binding.
FREEZE
A thick woolen cloth furnished with a shaggy nap on one side.
GIMLET
A small, sharp tool with a bar handle and a pointed, spiral tip for boring holes.
GREEN CLOTH
The green baize covering for billiard or gaming tables.
HAIR, STICK OF
A plaited length of hair used for stiffening fabric or for wigs.
HANK
A length of thread or yarn measuring 840 yds.
HOLLAND
A plain linen fabric usually unbleached or light brown, sometimes glazed.
MEAL TUB
A wooden measure containing 10 pecks.
MYRTLE WAX
Wax produced from the candleberry myrtle used for candles and as the base for skin cream.
OZNABURG
A cheap, coarse cloth originally made in Oznaburg, Germany, used for slave clothing.
PEGGING AWL
An awl used in shoe making to drill the small holes for the pigs or pens holding the uppers to the soles.
PIGGIN
A small wooden pail or tub with the handle formed by continuing two of the staves above the rim.
QUEEN's STUFF
Fine brocaded cloth.
QUILL
Spool used to wind rope around.
QUIRE
24 or 25 sheets of paper of the same size and quality.
REAP HOOK
A reaping hook or sickle.
RATTINET
A woolen cloth thinner and lighter than rattien, twilled with a curled nap.
SCANTLINGS
Timbers of small cross section.
SHALLOAN
A light, twilled woolen fabric used chiefly for linings.
SHIVE
A thin flat cork or stopper.
STOCK LOCK
A lock enclosed in a wooded case, usually fitted on an outer door.
STOCK TAPE
A ribbon used to tie men's stocks or neck cloths.
SURCENGLE
A large girth passing over and keeping a blanket or pack on a horse or ox.
SWEET OIL
Olive oil.
TAMMY
A thin woolen or woolen and cotton fabric often highly glazed.
TEMPLE SPECTACLES
Spectacles with side members that clasp the sides of the head.
TOW LINEN
Linen made from the short fibers of flax, seperated by heckling from the long stapled fibers.
TRACE ROPES
The ropes used to pull a wagon.
TRAIN OIL
Whale oil.
TWIST, STICK OF
Tobacco manufactured in the form of a rope or thick cord.
WEAVERS SLAYS
The reeds of a weaver's loom.
WELSH COTTON
A kind of woolen cloth with a nap.
WHITE VITRIOL
Zinc sulfate.
WILTON SERGE
A kind of serge having the loops cut to form a velvet pile.
WOODEN CAN
A drinking vessel.
WOODENWARE, NESTS OF
Six wooden vessels in graduated sizes made to fit inside each other with the largest the size of a laundry tub; with two staves longer and with holes to form handles.

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Permission to use the text of Store Accounts of John Nelms of Salisbury, 1758 - 1787 by the Somerset County Maryland USGenWeb site was given to the submitter, Laurie Dykes Fowers, by the author, John E. Jacob, Jr.
John Nelms Store Accounts of Salisbury
Jacob, John E., Jr.
© 1990


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