St. Mary's County Land Ownership: 1637-1799

Comments and Sources

All of the early land records of St. Mary's County were lost when the courthouse burned in 1832. This project attempts to recreate as much of this information as possible.

The use of land records, especially when marriage records are missing, is a valuable tool for researchers. The majority of the time, land went from family member to family member. In addition, by being able to place the property in its proper location will indicate who lived nearby. Remember that transportation in the early days was limited and people generally married someone in the neighborhood. It is unusual to find, for instance, someone from Resurrection Hundred marrying someone from St. Michael’s Hundred.

Every effort has been made to place the tracts in the proper Hundred, but we’re sure that some mistakes have occurred. In some cases, there was little or no information on the location of some of the tracts in the extant written records and in some cases, the original sources (listed below) contained errors as well.

The names of landowners and tracts have been standardized to the extent possible. In some cases, properties had several different names in which case they were assigned an "alias name". The "alias names" were grouped together and listed under the predominant name of the property. Then, of course, we have the issue of different properties being given the same name. For instance, there were three different parcels located in three different Hundreds, called "Rich Neck."

Additional information and corrections will, as always, be appreciated.

 

Sources:

Archives of Maryland Online, http://www.mdarchives.state.md.us/megafile/msa/special/sc2900/sc2908/html/index.html,pages as noted

Archives of Maryland Online, Provincial Court Proceedings, 1665-66

Baldwin, Jane. The Maryland Calendar of Wills, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD, 1997

Chronicles of St. Mary's, St. Mary's County Historical Society, Leonardtown, MD; volume and page as noted

"St. Mary's County Rent Roll, 1707", Chronicles of St. Mary's, St. Mary's County Historical Society, Leonardtown, MD, Vol. 25, No. 11
Coldham, Peter Wilson. Settlers of Maryland 1731-1750, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1996
Coldham, Peter Wilson. Settlers of Maryland 1751-1765, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1996
Coldham, Peter Wilson. Settlers of Maryland 1766-1783, Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, MD, 1996
Fenwick, Charles E, Sr.. "A List of Alienations and Transfers in St. Mary's County from the Sixth day of June, 1786 to the Seventh day of March, 1829", Chronicles of St. Mary's , 1970-1984 (included in each issue)
Jennings, Tom, Baltimore, Maryland, via e-mail
Himmelheber, Peter, "The Soil Stiff and Poor, St. Mary's County's Proprietary Manors ", Leonardtown, MD, August 1999
Himmelheber, Peter, "Papist Lands in St. Mary's County Anno 1760", Chronicles of St. Mary's Vol. 49, No.1
Himmelheber, Peter, "St. Johns to St. Josephs 1653-2001", Leonardtown, MD, July 2001
Himmelheber, Peter, "Communion of Saints: Original Land Grants on the Northeast Side of Bretons Bay", Leonardtown, MD, April, 2002
Reno, Linda Davis. Debt Books of St. Mary's County, Maryland 1753-1758, St. Mary's County Historical Society, Leonardtown, MD 1995
Reno, Linda Davis. St. Mary's County Patent Records 1635-1946. Transcribed and Indexed for the St. Mary's County Historical Society, 1995
Reno, Linda Davis and Joann Ellis Humphries. St. Mary's County, Maryland, Wills 1776-1791 JJ#1 and HH#1
Reno, Linda Davis and Joann Ellis Humphries. St. Mary's County, Maryland, Wills 1791-1802 JJ#2
St. Mary's County , Maryland Rent Rolls, 1639-1771, TLC Genealogy, Miami Beach, FL, 1993
 
 
 

 

 

These pages authored by Marcella Jehl Dawson, Houston, Texas.

.Copyright © 2001 .Linda Reno.Leonardtown, Maryland and Marcella Jehl Dawson, Houston, Texas. All rights reserved.. No part of these pages may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without written permission of the author(s).